Writing Progressions with Borrowed Chords: Songwriting Lesson [MUSIC THEORY - MODAL INTERCHANGE]

My Complete Theory and Songwriting course is NOW OUT! bit.ly/38fs0sx Thanks to my Patreon Subscribers for sponsoring these videos: bit.ly/2zFwzOO
2 mistakes- At 05:50 I accidentally forgot Dorian, and the big chart has a type on Locrian, the two chord is missing a numeral!
Modal Interchange, Borrowed Chords, and Modal Mixture all refer to the same concept of using parallel modes - modes that all start on the same tonic. In this video we explore writing chord progressions in C Major, then borrowing the chords from C Minor. We also explore other options, such as borrowing from Lydian or Phrygian, and borrowing from other keys when NOT in major.

This topic goes as deep as your knowledge of the modes. If all you know is Major and Minor, you can still get an insane amount of awesome cool chord progressions just by borrowing between them. However, the more modal knowledge you have, the easier it is to keep track of all the chords available to you in a key, and have a quick and easy way to play or write over it.

Here are the videos that I've taught to lead up to this course.

Writing chords in Major: deflow.info/heat/s2nIgKiqi6xusqM/video.html
Writing chords in Minor: deflow.info/heat/0F7Na5uRoqqGqNk/video.html
Chords of Dorian: deflow.info/heat/zqq9h5e6nWeGxpY/video.html
Chords of Lydian: deflow.info/heat/tabCkW3Qo26okas/video.html
Chords of Phrygian: deflow.info/heat/wJ_Sgpu4pYN70po/video.html
Chords of Mixolydian: deflow.info/heat/3IGsnJaxe3if29U/video.html
Secondary Dominants: deflow.info/heat/1qqXf5XWnI1rkbM/video.html
Modal Mixture: deflow.info/heat/uKq1cGy2fKqqkpo/video.html

And here's the video on just the borrowed iv chord: deflow.info/heat/v3bEm32lhnim1qM/video.html

A giant thank you to the following Patrons:
Linas Orentas
Marek Pawlowski
John Arnold
Christopher Swanson
Marc Bulandr
Bradley Bower
Alvaro Begue-Aguado
Don Watters
Don Dachenhousen III
Patrick Ryan

You can contact me directly at my twitter account or at my email found on my site.

Video herunterladen



  • Your videos are amazing! Just one little nitpick/question (at 5:50), doesn't the Dorian mode also contain the bVII chord?

    Jan OttJan OttVor 2 years
    • @earthaltar yes, right. Just my mistake 👍

      Escape99100Escape99100Vor 4 Monate
    • @Escape99100 C phrygian is the 3rd mode of Ab major (not C dorian). Bb dorian is the 2nd mode. In the key of Ab major the Bb and C are both minor chords. I ii iii IV V vi vii° Ab Bb C Db Eb F G

      earthaltarearthaltarVor 4 Monate
    • Good catch Jan !!!

      Michaels MusicMichaels MusicVor 5 Monate
    • Can a song from c be converted into a browing chord? Does the song's notation fit into the chords

      Ifin OfficialIfin OfficialVor 6 Monate
    • @clugokillscluco lowercase is minor and diminished. upper is major

      Tim PittsTim PittsVor year
  • 4:48 a good example of a borrowed b7 chord is the second section to layla (the goodfellas section), it's also in C with a Bb

    Mortis ThigMortis ThigVor 16 Stunden
  • Me thinking there were only about 4 scales then I hear scales reassembling names of utter space kingdoms... But you're great man xD

    Raphael KasongoRaphael KasongoVor 7 Tage
  • When the doge drops

    Oddlyonly JackOddlyonly JackVor 8 Tage
  • This is my favorite of all of the videos that you've put out publicly. Love that "Phish" progression. Curious what your patrion page covers. I'm already getting guitar lessons and don't need help in that arena but content on coming up with interesting chord progressions are very intriguing. Also, you have a nice style and a good way of explaining concepts Jake. And I definitely like the versatility of musical examples. I would like t see more on jam band progressions myself. Keep up the good work.

    Jason MathisJason MathisVor 8 Tage
  • How do we know where to put those chords, or if they serve as any functional harmony?

    子阳子阳Vor 8 Tage
  • Wow! So useful! Thank you big time!

    Life on the pathLife on the pathVor 11 Tage
  • Which strings are you strumming at 4:53 when you say Bb? If it's just certain inner strings, without strings like the 1 and 6th strings for example, I always have trouble doing that. I wish you could do a video that shows how to practice just playing certain inner strings without striking strings on either side of the ones you want, especially on the upstroke which seems to be the most difficult. The trick is somehow getting the pick onto the strings you want, and then away from the ones you don't want.

    joe doejoe doeVor 11 Tage
  • 4:38 after the Bb-C it sounds like F major/D minor

    Henrix98Henrix98Vor 12 Tage

    Gerron MarquelGerron MarquelVor 12 Tage
  • Perfect constant referencing to actual music and covering different styles in these videos. If you don't have a background in theory it makes you understand what you've been doing for years and fills in the blanks by confirming or clarifying things you thought you noticed. Great stuff.

    NEBULA 069NEBULA 069Vor 13 Tage
  • To the 93 people who didn't like this video, next time hit the thumbs down button twice!

    sailorickmsailorickmVor 15 Tage
  • Like king Solomon said there is nothing new under the sun but you can still get sued! 🤣

    guitardude4700guitardude4700Vor 15 Tage
  • How long did it take to write this Jake?? Great work and thanks to your patreons... sorry I'm not in the position to donate.

    Malcolm BrewerMalcolm BrewerVor 20 Tage
  • 10 thumbs up Jake

    Malcolm BrewerMalcolm BrewerVor 20 Tage
  • Great music educator you are! If a song starts on a minor key, wouldn't it "almost" always be considered the iv or 6m? THANKS for your help

    Vinny KeysVinny KeysVor 20 Tage
  • I've learnt a decent amount of music theory over my years of playing in crappy pub bands, there is a lot more I don't know, this guy has immense knowledge and a great manner in his teaching, learning music in pre Internet days was a labour of love, I wish jake was around in the mid eighties when I started my journey. Best wishes jake.

    David RobertsDavid RobertsVor 21 Tag
  • thanks

    Samiran SonowalSamiran SonowalVor 24 Tage
  • wow such music

    Nahuel Maldonado - VNahuel Maldonado - VVor 26 Tage
  • This is a fantastic video, simply fantastic and I wanna sign up for the course

    LLVor 27 Tage
  • Wouldn't Locrian have a bII chord and not a vI chord.......afterall, the 2nd degree of Locrian is the Tonic which? And that, my friend, is nitpicky. I loved this lecture and I"m going crazy applying it to my songwriting..............you always inspire and I've been a pro for 44 years!

    Rick WalkerRick WalkerVor 29 Tage
  • 3:38 Listening to that drunk, honestly has its effekts ;)

    Daniel UhrenholtDaniel UhrenholtVor Monat
  • Tramoline.... Foreigner

    alienpyramidalienpyramidVor Monat
  • lmaoooo that cheesy punk lyrics/song took me right back to highschool

    LizLizVor Monat
  • You are truly a good teacher of mine... Thank you so much ❤️😇🍀

    Allen ThapaAllen ThapaVor Monat
  • a small typo 8:04 on the Locrian: bII ;)

    Chris gmailChris gmailVor Monat
  • You rock dude! Thanks for your efforts!

    Soxxy 85Soxxy 85Vor Monat
  • Thanks for putting in so much work for this fantastic content. I’ll definitely be using borrowed chords in my playing.

    BlackAngloSaxonBlackAngloSaxonVor Monat
  • JAKE-You open the world of music to everyone-so amazing!! It can sound complicated, but they’re just words. Go back to the beginning (I recommend other Jake Lizzio videos)-it’s okay-and take it one step at a time and you will get there!! Is there a way to “Like” you more than once?!!

    LP ALP AVor Monat
  • You are my new music theory hero. Thanks for the new-to-me-theory gems!

    beniy Waisanenbeniy WaisanenVor Monat
  • i dont understand a thing but i like that there are some kind of rules behind musik

    ElitebatzenElitebatzenVor Monat
  • You are an incredible teacher. Thank you.

    Taz HTaz HVor Monat
  • Doodle away and follow your ear for what you like, and if you get stuck go to the theory for help. Rules in art can inhibit creativity.

    Lupco KotevskiLupco KotevskiVor Monat
  • Hey Mr. Jake plz make a video on Japanese pop style I would really appreciate it😃😄

    Mark SamuelMark SamuelVor Monat
  • So why couldn't you just make a table that has A through G in all premutations and just use that to choose chords fro, ignoring modes all together -- as long as the chord progression sounds good right?

    ClovencrowClovencrowVor Monat
  • but what about A and E chords? they are common chords to borrow in C major tonality chord progresions. Although there are no E or A chords in any C modality...

    Алексей МухановАлексей МухановVor Monat
  • THis gives awhole new dimention to omposing. Thanks a lot =)

    Jonás CarrilloJonás CarrilloVor Monat
  • Those last two bars of your string quartet would've sounded nice as French Horns

  • Well, this smells like Nirvana like the chord changes to Lithium in certain spots.

  • I can see the fascination in your eyes and I love it :D

    AstrovicAstrovicVor Monat
  • A friend of mine borrowed a chord from me years ago...never gave it back. I'm not lending them any more.

    Robert PickguardRobert PickguardVor Monat
  • That string quart sounded like jrpg music.

    emmanuelibusemmanuelibusVor Monat
  • How do you put chords to a single note melody?

    Rob-in-the-MarshRob-in-the-MarshVor Monat
  • 6:17

    Eustace MolyneauxEustace MolyneauxVor Monat
  • Thanks Jake. You make it all look so easy.

    Steve SSteve SVor Monat
  • You are no human. This is great.

    Teacher Yosue GaitanTeacher Yosue GaitanVor Monat
  • It’s J Glizzy, yo

    Uncle UrdaUncle UrdaVor 2 Monate
  • Me when he played the Ab instead of F: BLACK MAGIC!

    julio Césarjulio CésarVor 2 Monate
  • Just brilliant!!!!!!!!!!

    momo grismomo grisVor 2 Monate
  • Is it okay to ask a question here? Well, two related ones? Are you familiar with those leading chord charts? The ones that suggest possible follow-up chords to the chord your on? Would you continue to follow those rules when substituting from another mode? In other words, if you were choosing the IV chord from the Ionian(major) mode, would you follow it with the 4-chord of whichever mode your going to ... or, are you just randomly picking chords from the relative mode?

    Jon KJon KVor 2 Monate
  • Jake, in both the examples of total eclipse of the heart and house of the rising sun, wouldn't the sharp 4 from melodic minor also turn the 4 from minor and the 2 from major into major chords instead of minor? I know it doesn't line up for everything like playing the flat 2 when you borrowed phrygian, but it seems to work in many of the examples you list as borrowed chords.

    Crazy DaveCrazy DaveVor 2 Monate
  • Add whiney vocals 😂

    Aristarkhos31Aristarkhos31Vor 2 Monate
  • Your knowledge is like a nice cold beer to me! As only a drummer at the moment, I am truly enlightened! Thank you!

    The Rock & Roll AgendaThe Rock & Roll AgendaVor 2 Monate
  • Ab ...Dave Bowie chord

    Libor SupcikLibor SupcikVor 2 Monate
  • Thank you for the video it really explains well why some odd chords are featured in some songs.However I am puzzled by this Dream Theater ( The spirit carries on )chord progression and cannot figure it out.The song is in Dmaj but all of a sudden it goes to D7 to Em to Eb to D to E to G and finally to A. If you have the time I would appreciate your analysis. Thanks.

    One AmongallOne AmongallVor 2 Monate
  • Quality content I learnt more chord progressions in 10mins than my entire life...

    Matt tò mòMatt tò mòVor 2 Monate
  • This guy is a tresure, thank you! Really helping me to piece together music theory I've been using for ever but didn't actually understand!

    Jac LimbrickJac LimbrickVor 2 Monate
  • When I first came across your channel I thought your surname was Dorian lol.

    Lee GroblerLee GroblerVor 2 Monate
  • is that back to the future?

    Kingsley NadarKingsley NadarVor 2 Monate
  • Excellent lesson! Always helpful. Just one question tho. Where did you get the E7 from, while demonstrating the chord progression for What a wonderful world? Could you explain that to me please. Thanks in advance. :)

    Mind EpilogueMind EpilogueVor 2 Monate
  • Great stuff

    Sean YoungmanSean YoungmanVor 2 Monate
  • Pure gold. Thank you!!!

    Babis PapaleloudisBabis PapaleloudisVor 2 Monate
  • If playing in c major you used c minor and the modes from c. Could you borrow from other minor keys. Ex F minor or G minor or does it have to be C minor n the modes of c ?

    Gary HillmanGary HillmanVor 2 Monate
  • Brilliant

    Stomp CityStomp CityVor 2 Monate
  • I gave this video a thumbs down because all chord progressions should be G/A/D.

    Le WillLe WillVor 3 Monate
  • great video , man! I really enjoyed it and gained a lot of useful info.

    Finlay HFinlay HVor 3 Monate
  • Your videos are so informative and easy to understand. Thank you for sharing your knowledge, skills, and talent. You really help lots of aspiring music peeps 😊😁

    Marielle MimesMarielle MimesVor 3 Monate
  • Great! thats the first time I've seen the dowop thing put into place. I'll be using that. The alternative chord sounded really cool.

    John LannikkJohn LannikkVor 3 Monate
  • You are awesome

    Ron WhitehouseRon WhitehouseVor 3 Monate
  • Hey how did you get a young Paul McCartney to sing for you?

    Straight Edge HeathenStraight Edge HeathenVor 3 Monate
  • Absolutely fantastic video. The string quartet actually gave me early 2000s Dream theater feel for some reason

    Andy JamiesonAndy JamiesonVor 3 Monate
  • 2:44 he looks like Paul Mcartney

    Quinn MitchelQuinn MitchelVor 3 Monate
  • The "string quartet" piece reminded me of Super Mario 64 🤔

    Jay HernandezJay HernandezVor 3 Monate
  • Thanks for your turtorial. Anyway, can you show me how Bruno Mars use the Chord progression in a song calls Leave the Door Open?

    ចម្រៀងគ្រីស្ទានខ្មែរ KCSចម្រៀងគ្រីស្ទានខ្មែរ KCSVor 3 Monate
  • Excellent.

    surfsidesurfsideVor 3 Monate
  • Awesome video as always!! What happened to that great video you had about syncopation? It had the reggae style music in it.

    Adam VallanceAdam VallanceVor 3 Monate
  • Your videos are amazing man

    Nuno SantosNuno SantosVor 3 Monate
  • very good generic phishlike lyrics in that pseudo phish example.

    funknfritterfunknfritterVor 3 Monate
  • 12:00 that bass movement soo thoughtful ❤️

    Sahil ChavanSahil ChavanVor 4 Monate
  • there is some fancy punk rock shit going on there! 3:50 :-D thx 4 the video

    Franz-Peter TothFranz-Peter TothVor 4 Monate
  • Lol that punk song was legit

    Sloth PartySloth PartyVor 4 Monate
  • Really impressed how u explained everything so clearly and perfectly, also learning those songwriting techniques made me more driven to experiment new possibilities of chords progression !!Thank you bro 🙏 keep it up , love your videos !

    AronAronVor 4 Monate
  • I find your presentation style strikes an effective balance, avoiding being too dry and serious by interspersing humour and played examples. Your onscreen graphical content is particularly clear and a real help. The topic is approached at a lively pace, yet in one's view without too many fresh ideas from swamping those viewers such as myself to whom the theoretical aspects of music are new. Great work, If I may share my humble opinion on this and the number of your other postings so far I have been keen to watch too.

    andre wandre wVor 4 Monate
  • I want the full song at 3:38 it's too good

    a.ismaila.ismailVor 4 Monate
  • Didn't expected that rave doge x)

    MrXav360MrXav360Vor 4 Monate
  • Lol Whiny vocals

    Cenit MagnitudCenit MagnitudVor 4 Monate
  • Thanks Jake for sharing your prolific understanding of music theory! Your compositions are awesome ! Helps any song writer get out of a creative block.. Thanks again!

    Rick CooperRick CooperVor 4 Monate
  • Great content!! You really know your stuff!

    Steven WilliamsSteven WilliamsVor 4 Monate
  • Hey great screeching weasel impression.

    Mind's EyeMind's EyeVor 4 Monate
  • Great video. The parallel Modes chart lost me though. Like, C Lydian, is the G scale in the 4th degree. The reordering of the G scale with Roman numerals and adding flats make it appear impossibly complex and frankly pretentious. Sorry if that sounds rude, they probably taught you to do it that way in school, but it doubt it helps anyone here learn-because if they’ve been taught those Roman numerals that way, they probably already know all this (and like I said, I they haven’t been taught it, they might just tune out). Yet still, amazing video and great composition!

    Rock GuitarRock GuitarVor 4 Monate
  • Dude you are absolutely one of the best teachers ever.

    Mike LMike LVor 4 Monate
  • this guy is so annoying, he's like some animated happy gerbal character in 'over the hedge'.

    Provocateur 01Provocateur 01Vor 4 Monate
  • I love your videos mate, you have a brilliant way of explaining the concepts with excellent practical examples.

    JimmyJimmyVor 4 Monate
  • 11:56 - hangar 18 much?

    Michał SzelągMichał SzelągVor 4 Monate
  • electronic synthy nonsense lmao

    Aniruddha KhareAniruddha KhareVor 4 Monate
  • Hey Jake, great vid and I learned a lot. I wrote out the 7th chord progressions for each mode and it looks like every I thru VII chord can be substituted with a corresponding I thru VII that is either M7, 7, m7 or dim7. Example, IVM7 can be replaced by IVm7 (Phrygian, Aeolian, Locrian), IV7 (Dorian) or IVdim7 (Lydian). Seems to me if you can borrow from any mode, that any 7th chord can replaced by any other 7th chord...correct?

    Dennis MDennis MVor 4 Monate
  • tho I'm not listening to punk rocks now, that punk part really takes me back to when I was in high school

    童百童百Vor 4 Monate
  • I want to be. you!..........sort of, Thanks for your brilliance!

    gloryrow100gloryrow100Vor 4 Monate
  • wow

    Raging OracleRaging OracleVor 4 Monate
  • The funny thing about playing non-diatonic chords (i.e. typically borrowed chords) is that when you first do it, it sounds weird. But when you hear it in a pop song you don't question it; you accept it. It's only by constantly experimenting with them, including analyzing sheet music for existing songs, that you can break through that. I think I'm getting there and it's quite liberating.

    MrMikomiMrMikomiVor 5 Monate